Some cool Hard Water Problems images:
The Fall (Ötschergräben in Lower Austria)
Image by Reini68
The Ötschergräben are one of the most beautiful spots of Austria. Some address them as "Lower Austria’s Grand Canyon". It is a beautiful one day trip to cross them – and in the end you can drive back to the start with an old train on a narrow-gage railway.
Already the start of the trip is extremly impressive. I had to take two pictures to get this waterfall on film (at 35 mm focal length) and then stitch them together digitally. A task I couldn’t have accomplished in the analog world.
Taken with a Canon EOS 100 on Fuji Superia 400. Scanned with Reflecta ProScan 4000 at 3600 dpi. Postproduction only for denoising and automatic color corrections to remove the mask from the negative-film and of course the stitching together of the two pictures.
About shooting on negative film
There are three problems when shooting on film compared to shooting digital. First one is related to the fact that it is rather expensive, so you don’t make many pictures of the same motive. Second one is that you simply cannot control what you got. You just can guess if the shutterspeed and aperture suits the motive. It is an extremly hard job to do if you can only check the result a few days later, because there is no chance to reshoot. Third problem is related to the scanning process. Even the best films are very grainy compared to digital cameras. Shooting with the 350D at 1600 gives a result that is less noisy than shooting on an ISO 100 film and scanning it. Worse the noise doesn’t follow a pattern, so you cannot easily extract it. Therefore scanned pictures are either extremly noisy or if you chose to filter everything out, they are not sharp (and still noisy).
Image by Neil Armstrong2
The Queen Mary up close and personal. That’s a Russian submarine on her flank.
Standing on this rope with a tripod was hard but I got all 5 exposures before I fell in. Getting back over the fence with the barbed wire was a problem though.
Halima Bare is struggling to feed her children
Image by Oxfam International
Halima Bare (40) walked 50km with her seven children to get to Elado village, Wajir District, after the drought killed 35 of her 40 livestock. The five remaining cows are too weak to stand. Her husband is off in search of new pasture and she has not seen him for one month.
"I don’t have enough for these children. Sometimes we have some relief from different donors but otherwise we can’t get cash to purchase basic food items so mostly I rely on relief food.
"Our journey was slow, we moved a small distance each day. With the small children on a donkey and the elder children walked. Where we came from, water was the biggest problem but here I can take a bath and wash our clothes.
"There is at least a water source here. My children used to be dependent on those animals. We used to sell them and buy them some clothes, buy them some rations. Now we are trying to find an alternative.
"When I was 18, 19, 20 there was plenty of milk, plenty of meat, now things have changed – a very big change for our lifestyle. Now we rely on a very small amount of powdered milk we buy from the kiosks. We have one meal a day – lunch. My children were used to milk and were brought up on that but with the changing environment we are changing the food we eat. They have had some diarrhea for some time.
"I share with my children, the mother takes the remnants. The children are learning how hard it is."
Read more: East Africa food crisis
Credit: Anna Ridout/ Oxfam